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Disappointing global prosperity. How will the Polish economy be found in it?

Disappointing global prosperity. How will the Polish economy be found in it?

created Natalia BojkoDecember 18, 2019

Recent events related to the signing of the agreement, with the clear date of UK exit from the EU, have put markets in good spirits. Today and yesterday's macroeconomic data releases poured a bucket of cold water on investors' heads. Despite the fact that Donald Trump boasts of new historical highs and good condition of stock exchanges, the economic reality does not look so impressive anymore. I do not want to speak here about the word often overused (and recently fashionable) crisis, although it would be appropriate to say about the continuing slowdown in key economies of the world. How will all this affect the Polish market and do we have anything to worry about?

Who was at fault?

Even at the beginning of 2019, when publishing the first, already mixed macroeconomic data, a large proportion of analysts pointed to one problem. According to many, the shape of indicator readings (mainly industrial ones) was influenced by new emission standards and laws. This concerned, among others, European countries. The forecast was that while these changes were being made, the US economy would catch more wind in its sails, and the European economy would quickly acclimate to new changes. Looking at all this in retrospect, emission standards were only one of many components that affected the slowdown.

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It is worth noting that problems with economic stagnation do not only apply to Europe and Germany, which are pushing ahead. A slower pace this year was also recorded by the Asian industry, whose problems began with the turmoil on the US-China line. The United States, despite Donald Trump's strenuous efforts to make his country a green "anti-recession" island, has also slowed down.

Consumer is a godsend from the crisis?

A strong consumer is a godsend for the current economic situation. It is thanks to him that we do not have a deeper recession. Nevertheless, the data remain alarming, and central banks are in no hurry to intervene, thinking it is too early. Apart from the rhetoric of central banks and their assessment of the situation, it is currently difficult to find a factor that could stimulate growth again. The consumer alone will not be able to create enough purchasing power to completely absorb industrial and service goods. The upside is, however, that orders have a lower decline dynamics.

What does the Polish economy say?

It is nothing new or revealing that the Polish economy is strongly correlated positively with the German economy. The weakness of the neighbor's western industry does not bode well. In fact, we can already observe the first signs of a loss of growth. I emphasize again that this is not the same as talking about a total recession. Despite what Germany has recently presented, our country has developed (perhaps only for now) some immunity.


WIG20 chart, D1 interval. Source: xStation.

It is not surprising also that the recession is necessarily a natural phase of the business cycle, so it will occur sooner or later. Fears in this respect can only be its size and strength. What is currently happening in global economies will not deepen. All estimates of when it actually occurs are a little blind. It is worth adding that no central bank yet assumes a decline in GDP below 0. Looking at long-term forecasts, they assume an increase in price growth near assumed inflation targets.

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In the context of Poland, we can talk about the fulfillment of the deep slow-down scenario than the crisis of the century. Current macroeconomic data releases are not yet alarming, but they show the first signs of a downturn. Practically, since December 2018, PMI for industry has not broken the threshold of 50 points, and in October it fell to 45,60 points. In theory, a level of 50 points is key to assessing growth potential. New orders are in a downward trend, their lowest threshold this year was exactly 95,2 in the summer. They are constantly balancing at levels above 100. Is it enough, however, for Poland to avoid a deeper slowdown in a wide arc?

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About the Author
Natalia Bojko
Graduate of the Faculty of Economics and Finance, University of Białystok. He has been actively trading on the currency and stock markets since 2016. It assumes that the simplest analyzes bring the best results. Supporter of swing trading. When selecting companies for the portfolio, he is guided by the idea of ​​investing in value. Since 2019, he has held the title of financial analyst. Currently, he is the co-CEO & Founder in the Czech proptrading company SpiceProp. Co-creator of the Podlasie Stock Exchange Academy project (XNUMXrd and XNUMXth edition).